There are so many different types of dogs to choose from when getting a new pet! Learn more about the different breeds and what they have to offer.

With dozens of dog breeds to choose from, selecting the right four-legged family member can be a daunting task! From small lapdogs to giant shepherds, discover the different types and personalities of canine companions and learn more about what they have to offer.

How are dog breeds categorized?

There are many different types of dogs and they can be classified in a number of ways. Here are a few common ways to categorize dogs:

  • By breed: there are hundreds of different dog breeds, each with its own unique characteristics and features. Some popular breeds include German shepherds, labradors, poodles and bulldogs.
  • By size: dogs can be classified by size as small, medium or large. Small dogs typically weigh less than 20 pounds and include breeds like Chihuahuas and Pomeranians. Medium dogs weigh between 20 and 50 pounds and include breeds like Beagles and Cocker Spaniels. Large dogs weigh more than 50 pounds and include breeds like Great Danes and German Shepherds.
  • By function: dogs can also be classified according to the work they were originally bred to do. For example, sheepdogs were bred to help manage and move livestock, while hunting dogs were bred to track and retrieve game.
  • By temperament: dogs can also be classified by their temperament, which refers to their personality and behaviour. Some dogs are energetic and playful, while others are calm and relaxed. Some dogs are also more independent and aloof, while others are more affectionate and loyal.

Dog types by function

Sports group

The sport group consists of breeds originally used by hunters and fishermen, including the Labrador Retriever, German Shorthaired Pointer and Vizsla. These puppies are perfect for an active family as they need plenty of exercise and stimulation. Not only are they loving companions, but they are also talented navigators with their acute sense of smell.

Hound group

The dog group is composed of a number of different breeds, such as Beagles, Greyhounds and Afghan Hounds. These cubs are divided into two categories; scent hounds, originally used for hunting small game, and sight hounds, which hunt for sight. They are good runners and can cover long distances quickly and effortlessly. Dogs are typically great pets, but they require lots of attention and exercise due to their instinctive needs.

Working group

The working group includes breeds such as Boxers, Doberman Pinschers and Rottweilers. These dogs were bred to be guardians, guard property, pull sleds and perform rescue operations. They are very intelligent but also dominant in nature and require owners who can give them enough exercise while teaching them not to be aggressive. As such, they are good for first-time dog owners, who may be consistent with their training.

Terrier group

The terrier group includes many different breeds with a rich history. From highland working groups to small lapdogs, this group is as diverse as they come. Some popular breeds in this group include West Highland Terriers, Schnauzers and Yorkshire Terriers. These dogs have low to average levels of energy depending on the breed and tend to make good family pets due to their intelligence and loyalty.

Toy Group

The toy group consists of small breeds that usually weigh less than 6 to 7 pounds fully grown. These dogs are often used as lap dogs and make excellent companions because they are friendly and affectionate. Some popular dogs in this group include Chihuahuas, Pugs, Maltese and Shih Tzus. Although these small dogs can have big personalities, they usually don’t require much exercise and do best when kept indoors as much as possible because of their small size.

Dog breeds

There are over 340 different dog breeds recognised by the American Kennel Club. Some examples include:

  1. Affenpinscher
  2. Afghan dog
  3. Airedale Terrier
  4. Akita
  5. Alaskan Malamute
  6. American Eskimo dog
  7. American Foxhound
  8. American Staffordshire Terrier
  9. American Water Spaniel
  10. Australian cattle dog
  11. Australian Shepherd
  12. Australian terrier
  13. Basset Hound
  14. Beagle
  15. Bearded Collie
  16. Bedlington Terrier
  17. Belgian Malinois
  18. Belgian sheepdog
  19. Belgian Tervuren
  20. Bergamasco
  21. Bernese mountain dog
  22. Bichon Frise
  23. Black and Tan Coonhound
  24. Bloodhound
  25. Border Collie
  26. border terrier
  27. Borzoi
  28. Boston Terrier
  29. Cattle Dog of Flanders
  30. Boxer
  31. Boykin Spaniel
  32. Briard
  33. Brittany
  34. Bulldog
  35. Bullmastiff
  36. Bull Terrier
  37. Cairn Terrier
  38. Kanaan dog
  39. Cardigan Welsh Corgi
  40. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  41. Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  42. Chihuahua
  43. Chinese crested
  44. Chinese Shar-Pei
  45. Chow Chow
  46. Clumber Spaniel
  47. Cockapoo
  48. Cocker Spaniel
  49. Collie
  50. Coton de Tulear
  51. Dachshund
  52. Dalmatians
  53. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  54. Doberman Pinscher
  55. English Cocker Spaniel
  56. English Foxhound
  57. English Setter
  58. English Springer Spaniel
  59. English Toy Spaniel
  60. Field Spaniel
  61. Finnish lapdog
  62. Finnish Point
  63. Flat-coated retriever
  64. French Bulldog
  65. German Pinscher
  66. German Shepherd Dog
  67. German shorthair pointer
  68. German wire-haired pointer
  69. Giant Schnauzer
  70. Golden Retriever
  71. Goldendoodle
  72. Gordon Setter
  73. Great Dane
  74. Great Pyrenees
  75. Greyhound
  76. Havanese
  77. Irish setter
  78. Irish terrier
  79. Irish Water Spaniel
  80. Irish wolfhound
  81. Italian Greyhound
  82. Jack Russell Terrier
  83. Japanese chinchilla
  84. Keeshond
  85. Kerry Blue Terrier
  86. King Charles Spaniel
  87. Labradoodle
  88. Labrador retriever
  89. Lakeland Terrier
  90. Lhasa Apso
  91. Maltese
  92. Maltipoo
  93. Manchester Terrier
  94. Miniature Pinscher
  95. Miniature Schnauzer
  96. Newfoundland
  97. Norfolk Terrier
  98. Norwich Terrier
  99. Old English Sheepdog
  100. Papillon
  101. Pekingese
  102. Pomeranian
  103. Poodle
  104. Pug
  105. Puli
  106. Puggle
  107. Rottweiler
  108. Saint Bernard
  109. Saluki
  110. Samoyed
  111. Schipperke
  112. Scottish deerhound
  113. Scottish terrier
  114. Sealyham Terrier

How many types of dogs are there?

There are approximately 340 recognised dog breeds recognised by various kennel clubs around the world. However, there may be several types of dogs that are not recognised by these organisations.

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